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Section: 220.127.116.11 [vector.capacity], 18.104.22.168 [string.capacity] Status: CD1 Submitter: Beman Dawes Opened: 2007-10-31 Last modified: 2019-01-01
Priority: Not Prioritized
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A std::vector can be shrunk-to-fit via the swap idiom:
vector<int> v; ... v.swap(vector<int>(v)); // shrink to fit
or:vector<int>(v).swap(v); // shrink to fit
or:swap(v, vector<int>(v)); // shrink to fit
A non-binding request for shrink-to-fit can be made to a std::string via:
string s; ... s.reserve(0);
Neither of these is at all obvious to beginners, and even some experienced C++ programmers are not aware that shrink-to-fit is trivially available.
Lack of explicit functions to perform these commonly requested operations makes vector and string less usable for non-experts. Because the idioms are somewhat obscure, code readability is impaired. It is also unfortunate that two similar vector-like containers use different syntax for the same operation.
The proposed resolution addresses these concerns. The proposed function takes no arguments to keep the solution simple and focused.
To Class template basic_string 20.3.2 [basic.string] synopsis, Class template vector 21.3.11 [vector] synopsis, and Class vector<bool> 21.3.12 [vector.bool] synopsis, add:
To basic_string capacity 22.214.171.124 [string.capacity] and vector capacity 126.96.36.199 [vector.capacity], add:
Remarks: shrink_to_fit is a non-binding request to reduce capacity() to size(). [Note: The request is non-binding to allow latitude for implementation-specific optimizations. — end note]
[ 850 has been added to deal with this issue with respect to deque. ]