This page is a snapshot from the LWG issues list, see the Library Active Issues List for more information and the meaning of WP status.

3494. Allow ranges to be conditionally borrowed

Section: 24.7.15 [range.reverse], 24.7.7 [range.take], 24.7.9 [range.drop], 24.7.10 [range.drop.while], 24.7.14 [range.common], 24.7.10 [range.drop.while], 24.7.16 [range.elements] Status: WP Submitter: Barry Revzin Opened: 2020-11-01 Last modified: 2021-02-27

Priority: Not Prioritized

View all issues with WP status.

Discussion:

Consider the following approach to trimming a std::string:

auto trim(std::string const& s) {
  auto isalpha = [](unsigned char c){ return std::isalpha(c); };
  auto b = ranges::find_if(s, isalpha);
  auto e = ranges::find_if(s | views::reverse, isalpha).base();
  return subrange(b, e);
}

This is a fairly nice and, importantly, safe way to implement trim. The iterators b and e returned from find_if will not dangle, since they point into the string s whose lifetime outlives the function. But the status quo in C++20 is that s | views::reverse is not a borrowed range (because reverse_view<V> is never a borrowed range for any V). As a result, find_if(s | views::reverse, isalpha) returns dangling rather than a real iterator.

Instead, you have to write it this way, introducing a new named variable for the reversed view:

auto trim(std::string const& s) {
  auto isalpha = [](unsigned char c){ return std::isalpha(c); };
  auto b = ranges::find_if(s, isalpha);
  auto reversed = s | views::reverse;
  auto e = ranges::find_if(reversed, isalpha).base();
  return subrange(b, e);
}

But borrowed range can be a transitive property. s itself is a borrowed range (as all lvalue references are) so s | views::reverse could be made to be too, which would allow the first example above to work with really no downside. We know such an iterator would not dangle, we just need to teach the library this.

P2017R1 resolves this by making reverse_view<V> a borrowed range when V is a borrowed range (and likewise several other range adapters).

[2021-02-26 Approved at February 2021 virtual plenary. Status changed: Tentatively Ready → WP.]

Rationale:

Resolved by P2017R1.

[2021-01-15; Telecon prioritization]

Set status to Tentatively Ready after five P0 votes in reflector discussion.

Proposed resolution: