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3152. common_type and common_reference have flaws in common

Section: 20.15.8.7 [meta.trans.other] Status: WP Submitter: Casey Carter Opened: 2018-08-10 Last modified: 2021-10-17

Priority: 3

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Discussion:

20.15.8.7 [meta.trans.other] p5 characterizes the requirements for program-defined specializations of common_type with the sentence:

Such a specialization need not have a member named type, but if it does, that member shall be a typedef-name for an accessible and unambiguous cv-unqualified non-reference type C to which each of the types T1 and T2 is explicitly convertible.

This sentence - which 20.15.8.7 [meta.trans.other] p7 largely duplicates to specify requirements on program-defined specializations of basic_common_reference - has two problems:

  1. The grammar term "typedef-name" is overconstraining; there's no reason to prefer a typedef-name here to an actual type, and

  2. "accessible" and "unambiguous" are not properties of types, they are properties of names and base classes.

  3. While we're here, we may as well strike the unused name C which both Note B and Note D define for the type denoted by type.

[2018-08 Batavia Monday issue prioritization]

Priority set to 3

[2021-06-23; Reflector poll]

Set status to Tentatively Ready after seven votes in favour during reflector poll.

[2021-10-14 Approved at October 2021 virtual plenary. Status changed: Voting → WP.]

Proposed resolution:

This wording is relative to N4762.

  1. Modify 20.15.8.7 [meta.trans.other] p5 as follows:

    -5- Note B: Notwithstanding the provisions of 20.15.3 [meta.type.synop], and pursuant to 16.4.5.2.1 [namespace.std], a program may specialize common_type<T1, T2> for types T1 and T2 such that is_same_v<T1, decay_t<T1>> and is_same_v<T2, decay_t<T2>> are each true. [Note: …] Such a specialization need not have a member named type, but if it does, that member shall be a typedef-name for an accessible and unambiguous the qualified-id common_type<T1, T2>::type shall denote a cv-unqualified non-reference type C to which each of the types T1 and T2 is explicitly convertible. Moreover, […]

  2. Modify 20.15.8.7 [meta.trans.other] p7 similarly:

    -7- Note D: Notwithstanding the provisions of 20.15.3 [meta.type.synop], and pursuant to 16.4.5.2.1 [namespace.std], a program may partially specialize basic_common_reference<T, U, TQual, UQual> for types T and U such that is_same_v<T, decay_t<T>> and is_same_v<U, decay_t<U>> are each true. [Note: …] Such a specialization need not have a member named type, but if it does, that member shall be a typedef-name for an accessible and unambiguous the qualified-id basic_common_reference<T, U, TQual, UQual>::type shall denote a cv-unqualified non-reference type C to which each of the types TQual<T> and UQual<U> is convertible. Moreover, […]