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3052. visit is underconstrained

Section: 22.6.7 [variant.visit] Status: Resolved Submitter: Casey Carter Opened: 2018-01-23 Last modified: 2021-05-18

Priority: 2

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std::visit accepts a parameter pack of forwarding references named vars whose types are the parameter pack Variants. Despite that:

  1. the names of both packs are variants of "variant",
  2. para 1 passes the types in Variants (modified) to variant_size_v,
  3. para 3 uses the expression varsi.index(),
  4. para 4 says "...if any variant in vars is valueless_by_exception, and
  5. para 5 mentions "..the number of alternative types of Variants0"
the Requires element imposes no explicit requirements on the types in Variants. Notably, the Variants are not required to be variants. This lack of constraints appears to be simply an oversight.

[2018-01-24, Daniel comments]

This issue should be reviewed in common with LWG 2970.

[2018-06-18 after reflector discussion]

Priority set to 2; status to LEWG

[2020-11-18; this will be resolved by P2162.]

[2021-04-19 P2162R2 was adopted at February 2021 plenary. Status changed: Tentatively Resolved → Resolved.]

Proposed resolution:

This wording is relative to N4727.

  1. Modify 22.6.7 [variant.visit] as indicated:

    template<class Visitor, class... Variants>
      constexpr see below visit(Visitor&& vis, Variants&&... vars);


    -4- Throws: bad_variant_access if any variant in vars is valueless_by_exception()(vars.valueless_by_exception() || ...) is true.

    -5- Complexity: […]

    -?- Remarks: This function shall not participate in overload resolution unless remove_cvref_t<Variantsi> is a specialization of variant for all 0 <= i < n.