2946. LWG 2758's resolution missed further corrections

Section: 24.3.2.2 [string.cons], 24.3.2.6.2 [string.append], 24.3.2.6.3 [string.assign], 24.3.2.7 [string.ops] Status: New Submitter: Daniel Krügler Opened: 2017-03-17 Last modified: 2017-07-16

Priority: 2

View all other issues in [string.cons].

View all issues with New status.

Discussion:

LWG 2758 corrected newly introduced ambiguities of std::string::assign and other functions that got new overloads taking a basic_string_view as argument, but the assignment operator of basic_string and other functions taking a parameter of type basic_string_view<charT, traits> were not corrected. Similar to the previous issue the following operations lead now to an ambiguity as well:

#include <string>

int main() 
{
  std::string s({"abc", 1});
  s = {"abc", 1};
  s += {"abc", 1};
  s.append({"abc", 1});
  s.assign({"abc", 1});
  s.insert(0, {"abc", 1});
  s.replace(0, 1, {"abc", 1});
  s.replace(s.cbegin(), s.cbegin(), {"abc", 1});
  s.find({"abc", 1});
  s.rfind({"abc", 1});
  s.find_first_of({"abc", 1});
  s.find_last_of({"abc", 1});
  s.find_first_not_of({"abc", 1});
  s.find_last_not_of({"abc", 1});
  s.compare({"abc", 1});
  s.compare(0, 1, {"abc", 1});
}

The right fix is to convert all member functions taken a basic_string_view<charT, traits> parameter into constrained function templates.

When doing so, it turns out that there occurs an additional problem: The functions that had been massaged by LWG 2758 are all functions that are not specified to be noexcept, but the wider range of "string operation" functions taking a basic_string_view<charT, traits> parameter are mostly noexcept because they had a wide contract. Now with the approach of LWG 2758, there are all types allowed that are convertible to basic_string_view<charT, traits>, but the conversion occurs now in the function body, not outside of it. So, if these conversion would be potentially exception-throwing, this would lead to a call to std::terminate, which is a semantic change compared to the previous specification. There are several options to handle this situation:

  1. Ignore that and let std::terminate come into action. This is a different way of saying that we impose the requirement of a nothrowing operation.

  2. Remove noexcept from all the affected functions.

  3. Make these functions conditionally noexcept.

The submitter has a personal preference for option (3), except that this would complicate the wording a bit, because unfortunately there exists yet no trait std::is_nothrow_convertible (See LWG 2040). A seemingly low-hanging fruit would be the attempt to use std::is_nothrow_constructible instead, but this trait describes a potentially different initialization context and is therefore inappropriate. Option (1) would conserve the existing noexcept guarantee for all non-throwing conversions, but now these functions become narrow-contract functions and at least according to the current noexcept guidelines such functions should not be marked as noexcept. But there are exceptions possible for that rule, and the initially suggested proposed wording below argues that this exception is reasonable here, because the required wording fixes just an unintended side-effects of transforming the functions into functions templates, but it doesn't intend to change the actual functionality.

Some of the below suggested overload exclusion constraints technically don't require the additional is_convertible_v<const T&, const charT*> == false requirement, but the submitter of this issue suggests a more advanced approach that should be applied in a synchronous wording adjustment combined with the existing LWG 2758 wording: It would presumably life easier for implementations (which are allowed to provide additional member function overloads as conforming extensions), when we would define a mini requirement set for template parameter type T below:

But the corresponding slightly revised wording taking advantage of this "concept-like" requirements set will not be suggested before the upcoming working draft has been published to allow a simpler coordinated adjustment together with the LWG 2758 wording.

It should also be noted that these changes have impact on deduction behaviour and therefore may require further adjustments of the deduction rules.

[2017-07-13, Toronto]

LWG preferred to remove in all functions with added nothrow constraints the noexcept specifier (and the constraint) and to possibly improve the situation later.

Previous resolution [SUPERSEDED]:

This wording is relative to N4640.

  1. Edit 24.3.2 [basic.string], class template basic_string synopsis, as indicated:

    […]
    
    // 21.3.2.2, construct/copy/destroy
    […]
    template<class T>
    explicit basic_string(basic_string_view<charT, traits> svconst T& t,
                          const Allocator& a = Allocator());
    […]
    template<class T>
    basic_string& operator=(basic_string_view<charT, traits> svconst T& t);
    basic_string& operator=(const charT* s);
    […]
    
    // 21.3.2.6, modifiers
    […]
    template<class T>
    basic_string& operator+=(basic_string_view<charT, traits> svconst T& t);
    […]
    template<class T>
    basic_string& append(basic_string_view<charT, traits> svconst T& t);
    […]
    template<class T>
    basic_string& assign(basic_string_view<charT, traits> svconst T& t);
    […]
    template<class T>
    basic_string& insert(size_type pos, basic_string_view<charT, traits> svconst T& t);
    […]
    template<class T>
    basic_string& replace(size_type pos1, size_type n1, 
                          basic_string_view<charT, traits> svconst T& t);
    […]
    template<class T>
    basic_string& replace(const_iterator i1, const_iterator i2,
                          basic_string_view<charT, traits> svconst T& t);
    […]
    
    // 21.3.2.7, string operations
    […]
    template<class T>
    size_type find (basic_string_view<charT, traits> svconst T& t,
                    size_type pos = 0) const noexcept;
    […]
    template<class T>
    size_type rfind(basic_string_view<charT, traits> svconst T& t,
                    size_type pos = npos) const noexcept;
    […]
    template<class T>
    size_type find_first_of(basic_string_view<charT, traits> svconst T& t,
                            size_type pos = 0) const noexcept;
    […]
    template<class T>
    size_type find_last_of (basic_string_view<charT, traits> svconst T& t,
                            size_type pos = npos) const noexcept;
    […]
    template<class T>
    size_type find_first_not_of(basic_string_view<charT, traits> svconst T& t,
                                size_type pos = 0) const noexcept;
    […]
    template<class T>
    size_type find_last_not_of (basic_string_view<charT, traits> svconst T& t,
                                size_type pos = npos) const noexcept;
    […]
    template<class T>
    int compare(basic_string_view<charT, traits> svconst T& t) const noexcept;
    […]
    template<class T>
    int compare(size_type pos1, size_type n1, basic_string_view<charT, traits> svconst T& t) const;
    […]
    
  2. Edit 24.3.2.2 [string.cons] as indicated:

    template<class T>
    explicit basic_string(basic_string_view<charT, traits> svconst T& t,
                          const Allocator& a = Allocator());
    

    -9- Effects: Same as basic_string(sv.data(), sv.size(), a).Creates a variable, sv, as if by basic_string_view<charT, traits> sv = t; and then behaves the same as basic_string(sv.data(), sv.size(), a).

    -?- Remarks: This constructor shall not participate in overload resolution unless is_convertible_v<const T&, basic_string_view<charT, traits>> is true and is_convertible_v<const T&, const charT*> is false.

    […]

    template<class T>
    basic_string& operator=(basic_string_view<charT, traits> svconst T& t);
    

    -25- Effects: Equivalent to:

    {
      basic_string_view<charT, traits> sv = t;
      return assign(sv);
    }
    

    -?- Remarks: This function shall not participate in overload resolution unless is_convertible_v<const T&, basic_string_view<charT, traits>> is true and is_convertible_v<const T&, const charT*> is false.

  3. Edit 24.3.2.6.1 [string.op+=] as indicated:

    template<class T>
    basic_string& operator+=(basic_string_view<charT, traits> svconst T& t);
    

    -3- Effects: Creates a variable, sv, as if by basic_string_view<charT, traits> sv = t; and then cCalls append(sv).

    -4- Returns: *this.

    -?- Remarks: This function shall not participate in overload resolution unless is_convertible_v<const T&, basic_string_view<charT, traits>> is true and is_convertible_v<const T&, const charT*> is false.

  4. Edit 24.3.2.6.2 [string.append] as indicated:

    template<class T>
    basic_string& append(basic_string_view<charT, traits> svconst T& t);
    

    -6- Effects: Equivalent to:

    {
      basic_string_view<charT, traits> sv = t;
      return append(sv.data(), sv.size());
    }
    

    -?- Remarks: This function shall not participate in overload resolution unless is_convertible_v<const T&, basic_string_view<charT, traits>> is true and is_convertible_v<const T&, const charT*> is false.

  5. Edit 24.3.2.6.3 [string.assign] as indicated:

    template<class T>
    basic_string& assign(basic_string_view<charT, traits> svconst T& t);
    

    -8- Effects: Equivalent to:

    {
      basic_string_view<charT, traits> sv = t;
      return assign(sv.data(), sv.size());
    }
    

    -?- Remarks: This function shall not participate in overload resolution unless is_convertible_v<const T&, basic_string_view<charT, traits>> is true and is_convertible_v<const T&, const charT*> is false.

  6. Edit 24.3.2.6.4 [string.insert] as indicated:

    template<class T>
    basic_string& insert(size_type pos, basic_string_view<charT, traits> svconst T& t);
    

    -5- Effects: Equivalent to:

    {
      basic_string_view<charT, traits> sv = t;
      return insert(pos, sv.data(), sv.size());
    }
    

    -?- Remarks: This function shall not participate in overload resolution unless is_convertible_v<const T&, basic_string_view<charT, traits>> is true and is_convertible_v<const T&, const charT*> is false.

  7. Edit 24.3.2.6.6 [string.replace] as indicated:

    template<class T>
    basic_string& replace(size_type pos1, size_type n1,
                          basic_string_view<charT, traits> svconst T& t);
    

    -5- Effects: Equivalent to:

    {
      basic_string_view<charT, traits> sv = t;
      return replace(pos1, n1, sv.data(), sv.size());
    }
    

    -?- Remarks: This function shall not participate in overload resolution unless is_convertible_v<const T&, basic_string_view<charT, traits>> is true and is_convertible_v<const T&, const charT*> is false.

    […]

    template<class T>
    basic_string& replace(const_iterator i1, const_iterator i2,
                          basic_string_view<charT, traits> svconst T& t);
    

    -21- Requires: [begin(), i1) and [i1, i2) are valid ranges.

    -22- Effects: Creates a variable, sv, as if by basic_string_view<charT, traits> sv = t; and then cCalls replace(i1 - begin(), i2 - i1, sv).

    -23- Returns: *this.

    -?- Remarks: This function shall not participate in overload resolution unless is_convertible_v<const T&, basic_string_view<charT, traits>> is true and is_convertible_v<const T&, const charT*> is false.

  8. Edit 24.3.2.7.2 [string.find] as indicated:

    template<class T>
    size_type find(basic_string_view<charT, traits> svconst T& t, size_type pos = 0) const noexcept;
    

    -?- Requires: The initialization of sv, as specified below, shall not throw an exception.

    -1- Effects: Creates a variable, sv, as if by basic_string_view<charT, traits> sv = t; and then dDetermines the lowest position xpos, if possible, such that both of the following conditions hold: […]

    -2- Returns: xpos if the function can determine such a value for xpos. Otherwise, returns npos.

    -?- Remarks: This function shall not participate in overload resolution unless is_convertible_v<const T&, basic_string_view<charT, traits>> is true and is_convertible_v<const T&, const charT*> is false.

  9. Edit 24.3.2.7.3 [string.rfind] as indicated:

    template<class T>
    size_type rfind(basic_string_view<charT, traits> svconst T& t, size_type pos = npos) const noexcept;
    

    -?- Requires: The initialization of sv, as specified below, shall not throw an exception.

    -1- Effects: Creates a variable, sv, as if by basic_string_view<charT, traits> sv = t; and then dDetermines the highest position xpos, if possible, such that both of the following conditions hold: […]

    -2- Returns: xpos if the function can determine such a value for xpos. Otherwise, returns npos.

    -?- Remarks: This function shall not participate in overload resolution unless is_convertible_v<const T&, basic_string_view<charT, traits>> is true and is_convertible_v<const T&, const charT*> is false.

  10. Edit 24.3.2.7.4 [string.find.first.of] as indicated:

    template<class T>
    size_type find_first_of(basic_string_view<charT, traits> svconst T& t, size_type pos = 0) const noexcept;
    

    -?- Requires: The initialization of sv, as specified below, shall not throw an exception.

    -1- Effects: Creates a variable, sv, as if by basic_string_view<charT, traits> sv = t; and then dDetermines the lowest position xpos, if possible, such that both of the following conditions hold: […]

    -2- Returns: xpos if the function can determine such a value for xpos. Otherwise, returns npos.

    -?- Remarks: This function shall not participate in overload resolution unless is_convertible_v<const T&, basic_string_view<charT, traits>> is true and is_convertible_v<const T&, const charT*> is false.

  11. Edit 24.3.2.7.5 [string.find.last.of] as indicated:

    template<class T>
    size_type find_last_of(basic_string_view<charT, traits> svconst T& t, size_type pos = npos) const noexcept;
    

    -?- Requires: The initialization of sv, as specified below, shall not throw an exception.

    -1- Effects: Creates a variable, sv, as if by basic_string_view<charT, traits> sv = t; and then dDetermines the highest position xpos, if possible, such that both of the following conditions hold: […]

    -2- Returns: xpos if the function can determine such a value for xpos. Otherwise, returns npos.

    -?- Remarks: This function shall not participate in overload resolution unless is_convertible_v<const T&, basic_string_view<charT, traits>> is true and is_convertible_v<const T&, const charT*> is false.

  12. Edit 24.3.2.7.6 [string.find.first.not.of] as indicated:

    template<class T>
    size_type find_first_not_of(basic_string_view<charT, traits> svconst T& t,
                                size_type pos = 0) const noexcept;
    

    -?- Requires: The initialization of sv, as specified below, shall not throw an exception.

    -1- Effects: Creates a variable, sv, as if by basic_string_view<charT, traits> sv = t; and then dDetermines the lowest position xpos, if possible, such that both of the following conditions hold: […]

    -2- Returns: xpos if the function can determine such a value for xpos. Otherwise, returns npos.

    -?- Remarks: This function shall not participate in overload resolution unless is_convertible_v<const T&, basic_string_view<charT, traits>> is true and is_convertible_v<const T&, const charT*> is false.

  13. Edit 24.3.2.7.7 [string.find.last.not.of] as indicated:

    template<class T>
    size_type find_last_not_of(basic_string_view<charT, traits> svconst T& t,
                               size_type pos = npos) const noexcept;
    

    -?- Requires: The initialization of sv, as specified below, shall not throw an exception.

    -1- Effects: Creates a variable, sv, as if by basic_string_view<charT, traits> sv = t; and then dDetermines the highest position xpos, if possible, such that both of the following conditions hold: […]

    -2- Returns: xpos if the function can determine such a value for xpos. Otherwise, returns npos.

    -?- Remarks: This function shall not participate in overload resolution unless is_convertible_v<const T&, basic_string_view<charT, traits>> is true and is_convertible_v<const T&, const charT*> is false.

  14. Edit 24.3.2.7.9 [string.compare] as indicated:

    template<class T>
    int compare(basic_string_view<charT, traits> svconst T& t) const noexcept;
    

    -?- Requires: The initialization of sv, as specified below, shall not throw an exception.

    -1- Effects: Creates a variable, sv, as if by basic_string_view<charT, traits> sv = t; and then dDetermines the effective length rlen of the strings to compare as the smaller of size() and sv.size(). The function then compares the two strings by calling traits::compare(data(), sv.data(), rlen).

    -2- Returns: The nonzero result if the result of the comparison is nonzero. Otherwise, returns a value as indicated in Table 63.

    […]

    -?- Remarks: This function shall not participate in overload resolution unless is_convertible_v<const T&, basic_string_view<charT, traits>> is true and is_convertible_v<const T&, const charT*> is false.

    template<class T>
    int compare(size_type pos1, size_type n1, basic_string_view<charT, traits> svconst T& t) const;
    

    -3- Effects: Equivalent to:

    {
      basic_string_view<charT, traits> sv = t;
      return basic_string_view<charT, traits>(data(), size()).substr(pos1, n1).compare(sv);
    }
    

    -?- Remarks: This function shall not participate in overload resolution unless is_convertible_v<const T&, basic_string_view<charT, traits>> is true and is_convertible_v<const T&, const charT*> is false.

[2017-07-14, Toronto, Daniel refines wording]

To balance the loss of information about the removed noexcept specifications, all affected functions should get a new Throws: element saying that they won't throw unless this is caused by the conversion to the local basic_string_view object. The existing P/R has been updated to reflect that suggestion.

[2017-07 Toronto Wed Issue Prioritization]

Priority ; Marshall to investigate and if OK, will propose Tentatively Ready on reflector.

Proposed resolution:

This wording is relative to N4656.

  1. Edit 24.3.2 [basic.string], class template basic_string synopsis, as indicated:

    […]
    
    // 21.3.2.2, construct/copy/destroy
    […]
    template<class T>
    explicit basic_string(basic_string_view<charT, traits> svconst T& t,
                          const Allocator& a = Allocator());
    […]
    template<class T>
    basic_string& operator=(basic_string_view<charT, traits> svconst T& t);
    basic_string& operator=(const charT* s);
    […]
    
    // 21.3.2.6, modifiers
    […]
    template<class T>
    basic_string& operator+=(basic_string_view<charT, traits> svconst T& t);
    […]
    template<class T>
    basic_string& append(basic_string_view<charT, traits> svconst T& t);
    […]
    template<class T>
    basic_string& assign(basic_string_view<charT, traits> svconst T& t);
    […]
    template<class T>
    basic_string& insert(size_type pos, basic_string_view<charT, traits> svconst T& t);
    […]
    template<class T>
    basic_string& replace(size_type pos1, size_type n1, 
                          basic_string_view<charT, traits> svconst T& t);
    […]
    template<class T>
    basic_string& replace(const_iterator i1, const_iterator i2,
                          basic_string_view<charT, traits> svconst T& t);
    […]
    
    // 21.3.2.7, string operations
    […]
    template<class T>
    size_type find (basic_string_view<charT, traits> svconst T& t,
                    size_type pos = 0) const noexcept;
    […]
    template<class T>
    size_type rfind(basic_string_view<charT, traits> svconst T& t,
                    size_type pos = npos) const noexcept;
    […]
    template<class T>
    size_type find_first_of(basic_string_view<charT, traits> svconst T& t,
                            size_type pos = 0) const noexcept;
    […]
    template<class T>
    size_type find_last_of (basic_string_view<charT, traits> svconst T& t,
                            size_type pos = npos) const noexcept;
    […]
    template<class T>
    size_type find_first_not_of(basic_string_view<charT, traits> svconst T& t,
                                size_type pos = 0) const noexcept;
    […]
    template<class T>
    size_type find_last_not_of (basic_string_view<charT, traits> svconst T& t,
                                size_type pos = npos) const noexcept;
    […]
    template<class T>
    int compare(basic_string_view<charT, traits> svconst T& t) const noexcept;
    […]
    template<class T>
    int compare(size_type pos1, size_type n1, basic_string_view<charT, traits> svconst T& t) const;
    […]
    
  2. Edit 24.3.2.2 [string.cons] as indicated:

    template<class T>
    explicit basic_string(basic_string_view<charT, traits> svconst T& t,
                          const Allocator& a = Allocator());
    

    -9- Effects: Same as basic_string(sv.data(), sv.size(), a).Creates a variable, sv, as if by basic_string_view<charT, traits> sv = t; and then behaves the same as basic_string(sv.data(), sv.size(), a).

    -?- Remarks: This constructor shall not participate in overload resolution unless is_convertible_v<const T&, basic_string_view<charT, traits>> is true and is_convertible_v<const T&, const charT*> is false.

    […]

    template<class T>
    basic_string& operator=(basic_string_view<charT, traits> svconst T& t);
    

    -25- Effects: Equivalent to:

    {
      basic_string_view<charT, traits> sv = t;
      return assign(sv);
    }
    

    -?- Remarks: This function shall not participate in overload resolution unless is_convertible_v<const T&, basic_string_view<charT, traits>> is true and is_convertible_v<const T&, const charT*> is false.

  3. Edit 24.3.2.6.1 [string.op+=] as indicated:

    template<class T>
    basic_string& operator+=(basic_string_view<charT, traits> svconst T& t);
    

    -3- Effects: Creates a variable, sv, as if by basic_string_view<charT, traits> sv = t; and then cCalls append(sv).

    -4- Returns: *this.

    -?- Remarks: This function shall not participate in overload resolution unless is_convertible_v<const T&, basic_string_view<charT, traits>> is true and is_convertible_v<const T&, const charT*> is false.

  4. Edit 24.3.2.6.2 [string.append] as indicated:

    template<class T>
    basic_string& append(basic_string_view<charT, traits> svconst T& t);
    

    -6- Effects: Equivalent to:

    {
      basic_string_view<charT, traits> sv = t;
      return append(sv.data(), sv.size());
    }
    

    -?- Remarks: This function shall not participate in overload resolution unless is_convertible_v<const T&, basic_string_view<charT, traits>> is true and is_convertible_v<const T&, const charT*> is false.

  5. Edit 24.3.2.6.3 [string.assign] as indicated:

    template<class T>
    basic_string& assign(basic_string_view<charT, traits> svconst T& t);
    

    -8- Effects: Equivalent to:

    {
      basic_string_view<charT, traits> sv = t;
      return assign(sv.data(), sv.size());
    }
    

    -?- Remarks: This function shall not participate in overload resolution unless is_convertible_v<const T&, basic_string_view<charT, traits>> is true and is_convertible_v<const T&, const charT*> is false.

  6. Edit 24.3.2.6.4 [string.insert] as indicated:

    template<class T>
    basic_string& insert(size_type pos, basic_string_view<charT, traits> svconst T& t);
    

    -5- Effects: Equivalent to:

    {
      basic_string_view<charT, traits> sv = t;
      return insert(pos, sv.data(), sv.size());
    }
    

    -?- Remarks: This function shall not participate in overload resolution unless is_convertible_v<const T&, basic_string_view<charT, traits>> is true and is_convertible_v<const T&, const charT*> is false.

  7. Edit 24.3.2.6.6 [string.replace] as indicated:

    template<class T>
    basic_string& replace(size_type pos1, size_type n1,
                          basic_string_view<charT, traits> svconst T& t);
    

    -5- Effects: Equivalent to:

    {
      basic_string_view<charT, traits> sv = t;
      return replace(pos1, n1, sv.data(), sv.size());
    }
    

    -?- Remarks: This function shall not participate in overload resolution unless is_convertible_v<const T&, basic_string_view<charT, traits>> is true and is_convertible_v<const T&, const charT*> is false.

    […]

    template<class T>
    basic_string& replace(const_iterator i1, const_iterator i2,
                          basic_string_view<charT, traits> svconst T& t);
    

    -21- Requires: [begin(), i1) and [i1, i2) are valid ranges.

    -22- Effects: Creates a variable, sv, as if by basic_string_view<charT, traits> sv = t; and then cCalls replace(i1 - begin(), i2 - i1, sv).

    -23- Returns: *this.

    -?- Remarks: This function shall not participate in overload resolution unless is_convertible_v<const T&, basic_string_view<charT, traits>> is true and is_convertible_v<const T&, const charT*> is false.

  8. Edit 24.3.2.7.2 [string.find] as indicated:

    template<class T>
    size_type find(basic_string_view<charT, traits> svconst T& t, size_type pos = 0) const noexcept;
    

    -1- Effects: Creates a variable, sv, as if by basic_string_view<charT, traits> sv = t; and then dDetermines the lowest position xpos, if possible, such that both of the following conditions hold: […]

    -2- Returns: xpos if the function can determine such a value for xpos. Otherwise, returns npos.

    -?- Remarks: This function shall not participate in overload resolution unless is_convertible_v<const T&, basic_string_view<charT, traits>> is true and is_convertible_v<const T&, const charT*> is false.

    -?- Throws: Nothing unless the initialization of sv throws an exception.

  9. Edit 24.3.2.7.3 [string.rfind] as indicated:

    template<class T>
    size_type rfind(basic_string_view<charT, traits> svconst T& t, size_type pos = npos) const noexcept;
    

    -1- Effects: Creates a variable, sv, as if by basic_string_view<charT, traits> sv = t; and then dDetermines the highest position xpos, if possible, such that both of the following conditions hold: […]

    -2- Returns: xpos if the function can determine such a value for xpos. Otherwise, returns npos.

    -?- Remarks: This function shall not participate in overload resolution unless is_convertible_v<const T&, basic_string_view<charT, traits>> is true and is_convertible_v<const T&, const charT*> is false.

    -?- Throws: Nothing unless the initialization of sv throws an exception.

  10. Edit 24.3.2.7.4 [string.find.first.of] as indicated:

    template<class T>
    size_type find_first_of(basic_string_view<charT, traits> svconst T& t, size_type pos = 0) const noexcept;
    

    -1- Effects: Creates a variable, sv, as if by basic_string_view<charT, traits> sv = t; and then dDetermines the lowest position xpos, if possible, such that both of the following conditions hold: […]

    -2- Returns: xpos if the function can determine such a value for xpos. Otherwise, returns npos.

    -?- Remarks: This function shall not participate in overload resolution unless is_convertible_v<const T&, basic_string_view<charT, traits>> is true and is_convertible_v<const T&, const charT*> is false.

    -?- Throws: Nothing unless the initialization of sv throws an exception.

  11. Edit 24.3.2.7.5 [string.find.last.of] as indicated:

    template<class T>
    size_type find_last_of(basic_string_view<charT, traits> svconst T& t, size_type pos = npos) const noexcept;
    

    -1- Effects: Creates a variable, sv, as if by basic_string_view<charT, traits> sv = t; and then dDetermines the highest position xpos, if possible, such that both of the following conditions hold: […]

    -2- Returns: xpos if the function can determine such a value for xpos. Otherwise, returns npos.

    -?- Remarks: This function shall not participate in overload resolution unless is_convertible_v<const T&, basic_string_view<charT, traits>> is true and is_convertible_v<const T&, const charT*> is false.

    -?- Throws: Nothing unless the initialization of sv throws an exception.

  12. Edit 24.3.2.7.6 [string.find.first.not.of] as indicated:

    template<class T>
    size_type find_first_not_of(basic_string_view<charT, traits> svconst T& t,
                                size_type pos = 0) const noexcept;
    

    -1- Effects: Creates a variable, sv, as if by basic_string_view<charT, traits> sv = t; and then dDetermines the lowest position xpos, if possible, such that both of the following conditions hold: […]

    -2- Returns: xpos if the function can determine such a value for xpos. Otherwise, returns npos.

    -?- Remarks: This function shall not participate in overload resolution unless is_convertible_v<const T&, basic_string_view<charT, traits>> is true and is_convertible_v<const T&, const charT*> is false.

    -?- Throws: Nothing unless the initialization of sv throws an exception.

  13. Edit 24.3.2.7.7 [string.find.last.not.of] as indicated:

    template<class T>
    size_type find_last_not_of(basic_string_view<charT, traits> svconst T& t,
                               size_type pos = npos) const noexcept;
    

    -1- Effects: Creates a variable, sv, as if by basic_string_view<charT, traits> sv = t; and then dDetermines the highest position xpos, if possible, such that both of the following conditions hold: […]

    -2- Returns: xpos if the function can determine such a value for xpos. Otherwise, returns npos.

    -?- Remarks: This function shall not participate in overload resolution unless is_convertible_v<const T&, basic_string_view<charT, traits>> is true and is_convertible_v<const T&, const charT*> is false.

    -?- Throws: Nothing unless the initialization of sv throws an exception.

  14. Edit 24.3.2.7.9 [string.compare] as indicated:

    template<class T>
    int compare(basic_string_view<charT, traits> svconst T& t) const noexcept;
    

    -1- Effects: Creates a variable, sv, as if by basic_string_view<charT, traits> sv = t; and then dDetermines the effective length rlen of the strings to compare as the smaller of size() and sv.size(). The function then compares the two strings by calling traits::compare(data(), sv.data(), rlen).

    -2- Returns: The nonzero result if the result of the comparison is nonzero. Otherwise, returns a value as indicated in Table 63.

    […]

    -?- Remarks: This function shall not participate in overload resolution unless is_convertible_v<const T&, basic_string_view<charT, traits>> is true and is_convertible_v<const T&, const charT*> is false.

    -?- Throws: Nothing unless the initialization of sv throws an exception.

    template<class T>
    int compare(size_type pos1, size_type n1, basic_string_view<charT, traits> svconst T& t) const;
    

    -3- Effects: Equivalent to:

    {
      basic_string_view<charT, traits> sv = t;
      return basic_string_view<charT, traits>(data(), size()).substr(pos1, n1).compare(sv);
    }
    

    -?- Remarks: This function shall not participate in overload resolution unless is_convertible_v<const T&, basic_string_view<charT, traits>> is true and is_convertible_v<const T&, const charT*> is false.