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**Section:** 23.7.8 [alg.min.max] **Status:** C++17
**Submitter:** Juan Soulie **Opened:** 2013-01-26 **Last modified:** 2017-07-30

**Priority: **3

**View all other** issues in [alg.min.max].

**View all issues with** C++17 status.

**Discussion:**

23.7.8 [alg.min.max] requires type `T` in `min`, `max`, and `minmax` to be
`LessThanComparable`, but I don't believe this should be required for the versions that take a `Compare`
argument.

Paragraphs 1 to 4 of 23.7 [alg.sorting] should apply anyway, although I'm not sure about `Compare`
being required to induce a strict weak ordering here.

Further, `min` and `max` also lack formal complexity guarantees.

*[2014-06-07 Daniel comments and provides wording]*

Certainly, the functions with `Compare` should not impose `LessThanComparable` requirements.

In regard to the question whether a strict weak ordering should be required as implied by the `Compare`
requirements, I would like to point out that this is requirement is in fact needed, because the specification of
the normative *Remarks* elements (e.g. "Returns the first argument when the arguments are equivalent.") do depend
on the existence of a *equivalence relation* that can be relied on and this is also consistent with the same
strict weak ordering requirement that is indirectly imposed by the `LessThanComparable` requirement set for
functions referring to `operator<` (Let me note that the very same `StrictWeakOrder` language
concept had intentionally been required for similar reasons during "concept-time" in
N2914).

*[2015-02 Cologne]*

JY: We have library-wide requirements that `Comp` induce a strict weak ordering.

JY/MC: The un-marked-up "Complexity" (p16) is wrong. DK: I'll fix that.

DK will update the wording for Lenexa.

*[2015-03-30 Daniel comments]*

The Complexity element of p16 is correct, but some others involving `initializer_list` arguments are wrong.

*[2015-04-02 Library reflector vote]*

The issue has been identified as Tentatively Ready based on six votes in favour.

**Proposed resolution:**

This wording is relative to N4296.

Change 23.7.8 [alg.min.max] as indicated:

template<class T> constexpr const T& min(const T& a, const T& b); template<class T, class Compare> constexpr const T& min(const T& a, const T& b, Compare comp);

-1-

*Requires*: For the first form, type`T`shall be~~Type~~`T`is`LessThanComparable`(Table 18).-2-

*Returns*: The smaller value.-3-

*Remarks*: Returns the first argument when the arguments are equivalent.-?-

*Complexity*: Exactly one comparison.template<class T> constexpr T min(initializer_list<T> t); template<class T, class Compare> constexpr T min(initializer_list<T> t, Compare comp);

-4-

*Requires*:`T`~~is~~shall be`LessThanComparable`and`CopyConstructible`and`t.size() > 0`. For the first form, type`T`shall be`LessThanComparable`.-5-

*Returns*: […]-6-

*Remarks*: […]-?-

*Complexity*: Exactly`t.size() - 1`comparisons.template<class T> constexpr const T& max(const T& a, const T& b); template<class T, class Compare> constexpr const T& max(const T& a, const T& b, Compare comp);

-7-

*Requires*: For the first form, type`T`shall be~~Type~~`T`is`LessThanComparable`(Table 18).-8-

*Returns*: […]-9-

*Remarks*: […]-?-

*Complexity*: Exactly one comparison.template<class T> constexpr T max(initializer_list<T> t); template<class T, class Compare> constexpr T max(initializer_list<T> t, Compare comp);

-10-

*Requires*:`T`~~is~~shall be`LessThanComparable`and`CopyConstructible`and`t.size() > 0`. For the first form, type`T`shall be`LessThanComparable`.-11-

*Returns*: […]-12-

*Remarks*: […]-?-

*Complexity*: Exactly`t.size() - 1`comparisons.template<class T> constexpr pair<const T&, const T&> minmax(const T& a, const T& b); template<class T, class Compare> constexpr pair<const T&, const T&> minmax(const T& a, const T& b, Compare comp);

-13-

*Requires*: For the first form, t~~T~~ype`T`shall be`LessThanComparable`(Table 18).-14-

*Returns*: […]-15-

*Remarks*: […]-16-

*Complexity*: Exactly one comparison.template<class T> constexpr pair<T, T> minmax(initializer_list<T> t); template<class T, class Compare> constexpr pair<T, T> minmax(initializer_list<T> t, Compare comp);

-17-

*Requires*:`T`~~is~~shall be`LessThanComparable`and`CopyConstructible`and`t.size() > 0`. For the first form, type`T`shall be`LessThanComparable`.-18-

*Returns*: […]-19-

*Remarks*: […]-20-

*Complexity*: At most`(3/2) * t.size()`applications of the corresponding predicate.