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211. operator>>(istream&, string&) doesn't set failbit

Section: [] Status: TC1 Submitter: Scott Snyder Opened: 2000-02-04 Last modified: 2016-02-10

Priority: Not Prioritized

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The description of the stream extraction operator for std::string (section []) does not contain a requirement that failbit be set in the case that the operator fails to extract any characters from the input stream.

This implies that the typical construction

std::istream is;
std::string str;
while (is >> str) ... ;

(which tests failbit) is not required to terminate at EOF.

Furthermore, this is inconsistent with other extraction operators, which do include this requirement. (See sections [istream.formatted] and [istream.unformatted]), where this requirement is present, either explicitly or implicitly, for the extraction operators. It is also present explicitly in the description of getline (istream&, string&, charT) in section [] paragraph 8.)

Proposed resolution:

Insert new paragraph after paragraph 2 in section []:

If the function extracts no characters, it calls is.setstate(ios::failbit) which may throw ios_base::failure (