1473. Incomplete memory order specifications

Section: 32.6.1 [atomics.types.operations] Status: NAD Submitter: INCITS Opened: 2010-08-25 Last modified: 2016-02-10

Priority: Not Prioritized

View all other issues in [atomics.types.operations].

View all issues with NAD status.

Discussion:

Addresses US-172

As of 32.6.1 [atomics.types.operations] p. 9, 13, 17, 20:

The order specifications are incomplete because the non-_explicit functions do not have such parameters.

Add a new sentence: "If the program does not specify an order, it shall be memory_order_seq_cst." Or perhaps: "The non-_explicit non-member functions shall affect memory as though they were _explicit with memory_order_seq_cst."

[ 2010 Batavia ]

The Concurrency subgroup reviewed this, and deemed it NAD according to 32.6.1 [atomics.types.operations] paragraph 2, bullet 4.

Rationale:

The working paper is correct as written.

Proposed resolution:

  1. Change 32.6.1 [atomics.types.operations] p. 9 as indicated:
    void atomic_store(volatile A* object, C desired);
    void atomic_store(A* object, C desired);
    void atomic_store_explicit(volatile A *object, C desired, memory_order order);
    void atomic_store_explicit(A* object, C desired, memory_order order);
    void A::store(C desired, memory_order order = memory_order_seq_cst) volatile;
    void A::store(C desired, memory_order order = memory_order_seq_cst);
    

    8 Requires: The order argument shall not be memory_order_consume, memory_order_acquire, nor memory_order_acq_rel.

    9 Effects: Atomically replaces the value pointed to by object or by this with the value of desired. Memory is affected according to the value of order. If the program does not specify an order, it shall be memory_order_seq_cst.

  2. Change 32.6.1 [atomics.types.operations] p. 13 as indicated:
    C atomic_load(const volatile A* object);
    C atomic_load(const A* object);
    C atomic_load_explicit(const volatile A* object, memory_order);
    C atomic_load_explicit(const A* object, memory_order);
    C A::load(memory_order order = memory_order_seq_cst) const volatile;
    C A::load(memory_order order = memory_order_seq_cst) const;
    

    12 Requires: The order argument shall not be memory_order_release nor memory_order_acq_rel.

    13 Effects: Memory is affected according to the value of order. If the program does not specify an order, it shall be memory_order_seq_cst.

    14 Returns: Atomically returns the value pointed to by object or by this.

  3. Change 32.6.1 [atomics.types.operations] p. 17 as indicated:
    C atomic_exchange(volatile A* object, C desired);
    C atomic_exchange(A* object, C desired);
    C atomic_exchange_explicit(volatile A* object, C desired, memory_order);
    C atomic_exchange_explicit(A* object, C desired, memory_order);
    C A::exchange(C desired, memory_order order = memory_order_seq_cst) volatile;
    C A::exchange(C desired, memory_order order = memory_order_seq_cst);
    

    17 Effects: Atomically replaces the value pointed to by object or by this with desired. Memory is affected according to the value of order. These operations are atomic read-modify-write operations (1.10). If the program does not specify an order, it shall be memory_order_seq_cst.

    18 Returns: Atomically returns the value pointed to by object or by this immediately before the effects.

  4. Change 32.6.1 [atomics.types.operations] p. 20 as indicated:
    bool atomic_compare_exchange_weak(volatile A* object, C * expected, C desired);
    bool atomic_compare_exchange_weak(A* object, C * expected, C desired);
    bool atomic_compare_exchange_strong(volatile A* object, C * expected, C desired);
    bool atomic_compare_exchange_strong(A* object, C * expected, C desired);
    bool atomic_compare_exchange_weak_explicit(volatile A* object, C * expected, C desired,
      memory_order success, memory_order failure);
    bool atomic_compare_exchange_weak_explicit(A* object, C * expected, C desired,
      memory_order success, memory_order failure);
    bool atomic_compare_exchange_strong_explicit(volatile A* object, C * expected, C desired,
      memory_order success, memory_order failure);
    bool atomic_compare_exchange_strong_explicit(A* object, C * expected, C desired,
      memory_order success, memory_order failure);
    bool A::compare_exchange_weak(C & expected, C desired,
      memory_order success, memory_order failure) volatile;
    bool A::compare_exchange_weak(C & expected, C desired,
      memory_order success, memory_order failure);
    bool A::compare_exchange_strong(C & expected, C desired,
      memory_order success, memory_order failure) volatile;
    bool A::compare_exchange_strong(C & expected, C desired,
      memory_order success, memory_order failure);
    bool A::compare_exchange_weak(C & expected, C desired,
      memory_order order = memory_order_seq_cst) volatile;
    bool A::compare_exchange_weak(C & expected, C desired,
      memory_order order = memory_order_seq_cst);
    bool A::compare_exchange_strong(C & expected, C desired,
      memory_order order = memory_order_seq_cst) volatile;
    bool A::compare_exchange_strong(C & expected, C desired,
      memory_order order = memory_order_seq_cst);
    

    19 Requires: The failure argument shall not be memory_order_release nor memory_order_acq_rel. The failure argument shall be no stronger than the success argument.

    20 Effects: Atomically, compares the contents of the memory pointed to by object or by this for equality with that in expected, and if true, replaces the contents of the memory pointed to by object or by this with that in desired, and if false, updates the contents of the memory in expected with the contents of the memory pointed to by object or by this. Further, if the comparison is true, memory is affected according to the value of success, and if the comparison is false, memory is affected according to the value of failure. When only one memory_order argument is supplied, the value of success is order, and the value of failure is order except that a value of memory_order_acq_rel shall be replaced by the value memory_order_acquire and a value of memory_order_release shall be replaced by the value memory_order_relaxed. If the program does not specify an order, it shall be memory_order_seq_cst. If the operation returns true, these operations are atomic read-modify-write operations (1.10). Otherwise, these operations are atomic load operations.

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