This is an unofficial snapshot of the ISO/IEC JTC1 SC22 WG21 Core Issues List revision 112c. See for the official list.


745. Effect of ill-formedness resulting from #error

Section: 15.8  [cpp.error]     Status: C++23     Submitter: Clark Nelson     Date: 13 November, 2008

[ Resolved by issue 2518, adopted in February, 2023. ]

C99 is very clear that a #error directive causes a translation to fail: Clause 4 paragraph 4 says,

The implementation shall not successfully translate a preprocessing translation unit containing a #error preprocessing directive unless it is part of a group skipped by conditional inclusion.

C++, on the other hand, simply says that a #error directive “renders the program ill-formed” (15.8 [cpp.error]), and the only requirement for an ill-formed program is that a diagnostic be issued; the translation may continue and succeed. (Noted in passing: if this difference between C99 and C++ is addressed, it would be helpful for synchronization purposes in other contexts as well to introduce the term “preprocessing translation unit.”)

See also issue 2518.