This is an unofficial snapshot of the ISO/IEC JTC1 SC22 WG21 Core Issues List revision 110b. See http://www.open-std.org/jtc1/sc22/wg21/ for the official list.

2023-01-15


355. Global-scope :: in nested-name-specifier

Section: Clause 11  [class]     Status: C++11     Submitter: Clark Nelson     Date: 16 May 2002

[Voted into the WP at the March, 2011 meeting as paper N3259.]

In looking at a large handful of core issues related to elaborated-type-specifiers and the naming of classes in general, I discovered an odd fact. It turns out that there is exactly one place in the grammar where nested-name-specifier is not immediately preceded by "::opt": in class-head, which is used only for class definitions. So technically, this example is ill-formed, and should evoke a syntax error:

  struct A;
  struct ::A { };

However, all of EDG, GCC and Microsoft's compiler accept it without a qualm. In fact, I couldn't get any of them to even warn about it.

Suggested resolution:

It would simplify the grammar, and apparently better reflect existing practice, to factor the global-scope operator into the rule for nested-name-specifier.

Proposed resolution (February, 2011):

The proposed resolution will be submitted as a separate document.