This is an unofficial snapshot of the ISO/IEC JTC1 SC22 WG21 Core Issues List revision 112c. See for the official list.


2627. Bit-fields and narrowing conversions

Section: 9.4.5  [dcl.init.list]     Status: C++23     Submitter: Tim Song     Date: 2021-08-13

[Accepted as a DR at the November, 2022 meeting.]


struct C {
  long long i : 8;

void f() {
  C x{1}, y{2};
  x.i <=> y.i; // error: narrowing conversion required (7.6.8 [expr.spaceship] bullet 4.1)

The rules for narrowing conversions in 9.4.5 [dcl.init.list] paragraph 7 consider only the source type, even though integral promotions can change the type of a bit-field to a smaller integer type without loss of value range according to 7.3.7 [conv.prom] paragraph 5:

A prvalue for an integral bit-field (11.4.10 [class.bit]) can be converted to a prvalue of type int if int can represent all the values of the bit-field; otherwise, it can be converted to unsigned int if unsigned int can represent all the values of the bit-field. If the bit-field is larger yet, no integral promotion applies to it. If the bit-field has enumeration type, it is treated as any other value of that type for promotion purposes.

There is implementation divergence in the handling of this example.

Proposed resolution (approved by CWG 2022-10-07):

Change in 9.4.5 [dcl.init.list] bullet 7.4 as follows:

A narrowing conversion is an implicit conversion