This is an unofficial snapshot of the ISO/IEC JTC1 SC22 WG21 Core Issues List revision 113d. See http://www.open-std.org/jtc1/sc22/wg21/ for the official list.

2024-04-05


2253. Unnamed bit-fields and zero-initialization

Section: 11.4.10  [class.bit]     Status: CD5     Submitter: Aaron Ballman     Date: 2016-03-23

[Voted into the WP at the July, 2017 meeting.]

The current wording of the Standard does not clearly state that zero-initialization applies to unnamed bit-fields.

Notes from the December, 2016 teleconference:

The consensus was that unnamed bit-fields do constitute padding; more generally, padding should be normatively defined, along the lines suggested in 11.4.10 [class.bit] paragraphs 1-2.

Proposed resolution (March, 2017):

  1. Change 6.8 [basic.types] paragraph 4 as follows:

  2. The object representation of an object of type T is the sequence of N unsigned char objects taken up by the object of type T, where N equals sizeof(T). The value representation of an object is the set of bits that hold the value of type T. Bits in the object representation that are not part of the value representation are padding bits. For trivially copyable types, the value representation is a set of bits in the object representation that determines a value, which is one discrete element of an implementation-defined set of values.44
  3. Change 9.4 [dcl.init] paragraph 6 as follows:

  4. To zero-initialize an object or reference of type T means:

  5. Change 11.4.10 [class.bit] paragraph 1 as follows:

  6. ...The constant-expression shall be an integral constant expression with a value greater than or equal to zero. The value of the integral constant expression may be larger than the number of bits in the object representation (6.8 [basic.types]) of the bit-field's type; in such cases the extra bits are used as padding bits (6.8 [basic.types])and do not participate in the value representation (6.8 [basic.types]) of the bit-field. Allocation of bit-fields...
  7. Change 6.8.2 [basic.fundamental] paragraph 1 as follows:

  8. ...For narrow character types, all bits of the object representation participate in the value representation. [Note: A bit-field of narrow character type whose length is larger than the number of bits in the object representation of that type has padding bits; see 11.4.10 [class.bit] 6.8 [basic.types]. —end note] For unsigned narrow character types...