This is an unofficial snapshot of the ISO/IEC JTC1 SC22 WG21 Core Issues List revision 108h. See http://www.open-std.org/jtc1/sc22/wg21/ for the official list.

2022-07-01


2079. [[ appearing in a balanced-token-seq

Section: 9.12.1  [dcl.attr.grammar]     Status: CD4     Submitter: Jonathan Caves     Date: 2015-02-03

[Adopted at the February, 2016 meeting.]

According to 9.12.1 [dcl.attr.grammar] paragraph 6,

Two consecutive left square bracket tokens shall appear only when introducing an attribute-specifier. [Note: If two consecutive left square brackets appear where an attribute-specifier is not allowed, the program is ill-formed even if the brackets match an alternative grammar production. —end note]

In order to allow program fragments to appeae within attributes, this restriction should not apply within the balanced-token-seq of an attribute.

Proposed resolution (September, 2015):

Change 9.12.1 [dcl.attr.grammar] paragraph 6 as follows:

Two consecutive left square bracket tokens shall appear only when introducing an attribute-specifier or within the balanced-token-seq of an attribute-argument-clause. [Note: If two consecutive left square brackets appear where an attribute-specifier is not allowed, the program is ill-formed even if the brackets match an alternative grammar production. —end note] [Example:

  int p[10];
  void f() {
    int x = 42, y[5];
    int(p[[x] { return x; }()]);  // error: invalid attribute on a nested
                                  // declarator-id and not a function-style cast of
                                  // an element of p.
    y[[] { return 2; }()] = 2;    // error even though attributes are not allowed
                                  // in this context.

    int i [[vendor::attr([[]])]]; // well-formed implementation-defined attribute.
  }

end example]