This is an unofficial snapshot of the ISO/IEC JTC1 SC22 WG21 Core Issues List revision 109b. See http://www.open-std.org/jtc1/sc22/wg21/ for the official list.

2022-09-25


2061. Inline namespace after simplifications

Section: 9.8.2  [namespace.def]     Status: CD4     Submitter: Richard Smith     Date: 2014-12-18

[Adopted at the February, 2016 meeting.]

After the resolution of issue 1795, 9.8.2 [namespace.def] paragraph 3 now says:

In a named-namespace-definition, the identifier is the name of the namespace. If the identifier, when looked up (6.5.3 [basic.lookup.unqual]), refers to a namespace-name (but not a namespace-alias) introduced in the declarative region in which the named-namespace-definition appears, the namespace-definition extends the previously-declared namespace. Otherwise, the identifier is introduced as a namespace-name into the declarative region in which the named-namespace-definition appears.

This appears to break code like the following:

  namespace A {
    inline namespace b {
      namespace C {
        template<typename T> void f();
      }
    }
  }

  namespace A {
    namespace C {
      template<> void f<int>() { }
    }
  }

because (by definition of “declarative region”) C cannot be used as an unqualified name to refer to A::b::C within A if its declarative region is A::b.

Proposed resolution (September, 2015):

Change 9.8.2 [namespace.def] paragraph 3 as follows:

In a named-namespace-definition, the identifier is the name of the namespace. If the identifier, when looked up (6.5.3 [basic.lookup.unqual]), refers to a namespace-name (but not a namespace-alias) that was introduced in the declarative region namespace in which the named-namespace-definition appears or that was introduced in a member of the inline namespace set of that namespace, the namespace-definition extends the previously-declared namespace. Otherwise, the identifier is introduced as a namespace-name into the declarative region in which the named-namespace-definition appears.