This is an unofficial snapshot of the ISO/IEC JTC1 SC22 WG21 Core Issues List revision 110b. See http://www.open-std.org/jtc1/sc22/wg21/ for the official list.
[Adopted at the February, 2016 meeting.]
An #elif is treated differently from an #else followed immediately by an #if: assuming the preceding #if's condition was true, the condition in the second #if need not be a valid expression, while the condition in the #elif directive, though not evaluated, still must be syntactically correct.
C DR 412 changes that for C; C++ should make the corresponding change.
Proposed resolution (November, 2014):
Change 15.2 [cpp.cond] paragraph 6 as follows:
Each directive's condition is checked in order. If it evaluates to false (zero), the group that it controls is skipped: directives are processed only through the name that determines the directive in order to keep track of the level of nested conditionals; the rest of the directives' preprocessing tokens are ignored, as are the other preprocessing tokens in the group. Only the first group whose control condition evaluates to true (nonzero) is processed. If none of the conditions...