This is an unofficial snapshot of the ISO/IEC JTC1 SC22 WG21 Core Issues List revision 112e. See http://www.open-std.org/jtc1/sc22/wg21/ for the official list.
Describing the handling of static data members with brace-or-equal-initializers, 184.108.40.206 [class.static.data] paragraph 3 says,
The member shall still be defined in a namespace scope if it is odr-used (6.3 [basic.def.odr]) in the program and the namespace scope definition shall not contain an initializer.
The word “shall” implies a required diagnostic, but this is describing an ODR violation (the static data member might be defined in a different translation unit) and thus should be “no diagnostic required.”