This is an unofficial snapshot of the ISO/IEC JTC1 SC22 WG21 Core Issues List revision 114b. See http://www.open-std.org/jtc1/sc22/wg21/ for the official list.

2024-05-06


1720. Macro invocation in #include directive

Section: 15.3  [cpp.include]     Status: NAD     Submitter: David Krauss     Date: 2013-07-24

According to 15.3 [cpp.include] paragraph 4,

A preprocessing directive of the form

(that does not match one of the two previous forms) is permitted. The preprocessing tokens after include in the directive are processed just as in normal text (Each identifier currently defined as a macro name is replaced by its replacement list of preprocessing tokens.). If the directive resulting after all replacements does not match one of the two previous forms, the behavior is undefined.155 The method by which a sequence of preprocessing tokens between a < and a > preprocessing token pair or a pair of " characters is combined into a single header name preprocessing token is implementation-defined.

It might be inferred from the phrase “in the directive” that only tokens before the terminating newline would be available for macro expansion, and that consequently the closing right parenthesis of a function-style macro must appear on the same line. However, it would be clearer if it used language like that of 15.6.2 [cpp.subst] paragraph 1:

each argument's preprocessing tokens are completely macro replaced as if they formed the rest of the preprocessing file; no other preprocessing tokens are available.

Rationale (September, 2013):

The wording referring to preprocessing tokens “in the directive” is a clear enough indication that no tokens after the terminating newline are considered.