This is an unofficial snapshot of the ISO/IEC JTC1 SC22 WG21 Core Issues List revision 110b. See http://www.open-std.org/jtc1/sc22/wg21/ for the official list.

2023-01-15


1614. Address of pure virtual function vs odr-use

Section: 6.3  [basic.def.odr]     Status: CD4     Submitter: Richard Smith     Date: 2013-01-31

[Moved to DR at the November, 2014 meeting.]

According to 6.3 [basic.def.odr] paragraph 3,

A function whose name appears as a potentially-evaluated expression is odr-used if it is the unique lookup result or the selected member of a set of overloaded functions (6.5 [basic.lookup], 12.2 [over.match], 12.3 [over.over]), unless it is a pure virtual function and its name is not explicitly qualified.

In the following example, consequently, S::f is odr-used but not defined, and (because it is an undefined odr-used inline function) a diagnostic is required:

  namespace {
    struct S {
      inline virtual void f() = 0;
    };
   void (S::*p) = &S::f;
  }

However, S::f cannot be called through such a pointer-to-member, so forming a pointer-to-member should not cause a pure virtual function to be odr-used. There is implementation divergence on this point.

Proposed resolution (April, 2013):

Change 6.3 [basic.def.odr] paragraph 3 as follows:

...A virtual member function is odr-used if it is not pure. A function whose name appears as a potentially-evaluated expression is odr-used if it is the unique lookup result or the selected member of a set of overloaded functions (6.5 [basic.lookup], 12.2 [over.match], 12.3 [over.over]), unless it is a pure virtual function and either its name is not explicitly qualified or the expression forms a pointer to member (5.3.1). [Note:...