This is an unofficial snapshot of the ISO/IEC JTC1 SC22 WG21 Core Issues List revision 110b. See http://www.open-std.org/jtc1/sc22/wg21/ for the official list.

2023-01-15


1119. Missing case in description of member access ambiguity

Section: 7.6.1.5  [expr.ref]     Status: C++11     Submitter: US     Date: 2010-08-02

[Voted into the WP at the November, 2010 meeting.]

N3092 comment US 32

According to 7.6.1.5 [expr.ref] paragraph 5,

If E2 is a non-static data member or a non-static member function, the program is ill-formed if the class of which E2 is directly a member is an ambiguous base (6.5.2 [class.member.lookup]) of the naming class (11.8.3 [class.access.base]) of E2.

This does not cover the following case:

    struct A { int i; };
    struct B: A { };
    struct C: A, B { };
    void f(C* p) {
      p->A::i; // Should be ambiguous
    }

Notes (August, 2010):

The example in the FCD National Body comment is incorrect: it is missing the A:: in the next-to-last line.

The ambiguity actually is covered in the Standard but in an unexpected location: 11.8.3 [class.access.base] paragraph 6:

If a class member access operator, including an implicit “this->,” is used to access a non-static data member or non-static member function, the reference is ill-formed if the left operand (considered as a pointer in the “.” operator case) cannot be implicitly converted to a pointer to the naming class of the right operand.

An explanatory note, including a cross-reference to 11.8.3 [class.access.base], should be added to 7.6.1.5 [expr.ref] paragraph 6.

Proposed resolution (September, 2010):

Change 7.6.1.5 [expr.ref] paragraph 5 as follows:

If E2 is a non-static data member or a non-static member function, the program is ill-formed if the class of which E2 is directly a member is an ambiguous base (6.5.2 [class.member.lookup]) of the naming class (11.8.3 [class.access.base]) of E2. [Note: The program is also ill-formed if the naming class is an ambiguous base of the class type of the object expression; see 11.8.3 [class.access.base]. —end note]