This is an unofficial snapshot of the ISO/IEC JTC1 SC22 WG21 Core Issues List revision 110c. See http://www.open-std.org/jtc1/sc22/wg21/ for the official list.
[Accepted at the November, 2020 meeting as part of paper P1787R6 and moved to DR at the February, 2021 meeting.]
The current wording of 13.8.4 [temp.dep.res] seems to assume that dependent names can only appear in the definition of a template:
In resolving dependent names, names from the following sources are considered:
Declarations that are visible at the point of definition of the template.
Declarations from namespaces associated with the types of the function arguments both from the instantiation context (188.8.131.52 [temp.point]) and from the definition context.
However, dependent names can occur in non-defining declarations of the template as well; for instance,
template<typename T> T foo(T, decltype(bar(T())));
bar needs to be looked up, even though there is no definition of foo in the translation unit.
Additional note (February, 2011):
The resolution of this issue can't simply replace the word “definition” with the word “declaration,” mutatis mutandis, because there can be multiple declarations in a translation unit (which isn't true of “the definition”). As a result, the issue was moved back to "open" status for further consideration.